Even though characterized as science fiction, “Frankenstein” almost never alludes to scientific or even quasi-scientific facts. Rather, it presents the reader with the tumultuous emotional upheavals of the characters, which is rendered all the more appealing as it is a first person narrative.
The book lacks certain key qualities of a science-fiction novel, such as the lack of details regarding the acquisition and subsequent assembly of the parts needed for the creation of an 8-foot tall man. There is also no mention of preservation of this obviously dead assemblage until Frankenstein miraculously breathes life into it. Lastly, there is no mention of how the inanimate is brought to life. Frankenstein’s fears regarding the replication of his ideas by someone is understandable but the lack of scientific details in a science fiction is disturbing.
This story addresses deeply and effectively the profound emotional situations of the characters, namely Frankenstein and his creation, hereafter referred to as Adam, mainly because he is the first of his kind and secondly since he is no ‘monster’ except in form. After enjoying an inquisitive childhood and youth dedicated to the pursuit of knowledge, Frankenstein, goes through overwhelming sorrow and guilt, and is consumed by the desire for vengeance till the moment of death. Adam, kind and benevolent at first, suffers repeated rejections after which his heart is filled with hatred and desire for vengeance against the man solely responsible for his sorrowful existence. Adam’s character comes a full circle when he repents at the deathbed of Frankenstein and decides to burn his body in an obscure place so that no one would come across his body parts and venture to create another ‘monster’ to plague humanity.
Thus, more than being one of the prototypical pieces of science fiction, as it is usually classified, “Frankenstein” is a story of personal journeys of Frankenstein, Adam, and the people surrounding them.