Krishnakripasagaram

One of the songs I heard many many times growing up was Krishnakripasagaram. I love the song. It is a perfect combination of great lyrics, great music and a very soulful rendition by K.J.Yesudas. The song is entirely written in Sanskrit and here I attempt to translate it.

 

Song: Krishna kripa sagaram

Film: Sargam

Lyrics: Yusuf Ali Kechery

Music: Bombay Ravi

Singer: Chithra K S, Yesudas K J

Year: 1992

 

Pallavi

Krishnakripasagaram – The compassion of Lord Krishna is an ocean

Guruvayupuram – the place where Brihaspati and Vayudeva constructed temple for Krishna

Janimokshatharam – releases from the endless cycle of birth and death

 

Charanam 1

Munijanavandhita – the one who is worshipped by sages

Muraharabaalam – the boy who killed the demon Mura

Muraleelolam – touched by flute

Mukurakapolam – cheeks like buds

Ananthashayaanam – the one who sleeps on Anantha

Aravindanayanam – whose eyes are like lotus

Vande madhusoodanam – I salute the slayer of Madhu

 

Charanam 2

Radhahrudayam harimadhunilayam – Radha’s heart is the abode of Lord Vishnu

Adharam shonam – the lips are red

Manasija baanam – the arrows of Kamadeva (Cupid)

Sugandha nidaanam suruchiravadanam – the source of fragrance the very beautiful face (or these delicious lips are a source of fragrance)

Laasyam atimohanam – the dance is mesmerising

 

It is notable that in the first Charanam all the names of Lord Vishnu are written in Dwitiya Vibhakti, which signifies that the action is done to or towards something. The only verb in the charanam is (aham) Vande, which means I salute, and hence the devotee is saluting the (knowledgeable) one who is worshipped by all sages, the (fierce) one who slayed demons Mura and Madhu, the (gentle and beautiful) one who has bud like cheeks frequently touched by flute and long eyes resembling lotus petals, and the reclining one on the thousand headed snake. It is interesting that the names touch various aspects of the Lord. Also, some of the names clearly refer to Krishna while some others refer to Lord Vishnu viz. Ananthashayaanam and Madhusoodanam. Krishna, the son of Vasudeva, is in no position to command the endless serpent Anantha. Only Lord Vishnu reclines on Anantha. Also Madhu, the demon, was not killed by Krishna, but by Vishnu in his Hayagriva form. The usage of these two names points to the Β oneness of Krishna and Vishnu.

 
The second Charanam is immensely interesting due to its ambiguity. It could be referring to Krishna, but it could also be referring to Radha. The beauty is that, the words perfectly fit both of them, and the descriptive writing is devoid of gender so that one can interpret it the way one wants. I personally like to describe this as Radha’s view of Krishna. Radha is a great devotee and the romantic interest of Krishna. Therefore her Bhaktirasa (devotion) also comprises Shringararasa (romance). While the normal devotee (in the first charanam) sees the various forms, fierce and gentle, Radha is spellbound by the beauty of Krishna. Her heart is the abode of Krishna. To her, who is mesmerised by his dance, those delicious red lips, which are the source and seat of fragrance, are the arrows of Kamadeva himself.

 

 

Feel free to point out mistakes and ask questions if any.

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